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Rheumatoid arthritis: How chronic inflammation affects the brain

Posted on Mar 15, 2020

A recent study demonstrates how the chronic inflammation that characterizes rheumatoid arthritis affects the brain. The results may explain the cognitive symptoms described as "brain fog."
More than 1.3 million people in the United States live with rheumatoid arthritis.

This is an autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system does not recognize the synovial fluid in the joints and attacks it, causing chronic inflammation.

But does this chronic inflammation also affect the brain? And if so, how?

Why does depression make you feel tired?

Posted on Feb 15, 2020

Depression can cause debilitating fatigue and make the simplest activities, such as getting out of bed, too difficult to manage.

According to a 2018 report, fatigue affects over 90 percent of people with major depressive disorder.

In this article, learn about the link between depression and fatigue, as well as how to cope.

The Disability and Pregnancy Study

Posted on Jan 30, 2020

Postdoctoral research by Hilary Brown (Interdisciplinary Centre for Health & Society, University of Toronto Scarborough) and Yona Lunsky (Azrieli Adult Neurodevelopmental Centre, Centre for Addiction & Mental Health). 

Does a higher BMI protect against breast cancer?

Posted on Jan 10, 2020

A new study explores the surprising interaction between body mass index and breast cancer. The researchers hope that the results will lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms and risk factors involved.

In the United States, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women.

Also, compared with other cancers, this affects younger women more often.

Understanding why it happens in some people and not others is, of course, a priority.

The Little Things in Life

Posted on Dec 27, 2019

The first thing you see upon entering the main door to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at KGH - one that only opens to non-staff via a call-in - isn't an incubator. You don't see babies lying serenely within enclosed cribs, nor cables leading to bewildering monitors and machines.

The first thing you see is a larg power on a narrow wall naming the attributes of the unit's premature babies in a multi-coloured text. "Our preemies are courageous."

New 'potential target' for cancer therapy found

Posted on Dec 6, 2019

A discovery about how cancer cells prepare the way for tumor growth and spread may lead to new treatments that stop it.
Cancer cells are known to release tiny fluid-filled bags, or vesicles, called exosomes.

These are packed with powerful proteins and other molecules that make tissue conditions more favorable for tumor progression in numerous ways.

The molecules can remodel the environment of the cancer cells, for instance, and they can insert cancer genes into other cells and signal the immune system not to mount attacks.

These changes make it easier for tumors to grow and for the cancer to invade nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body.

Cancer invasion and spread is a complex process called metastasis and is the main reason for it being such a serious disease.

Now, University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers have discovered a protein that controls the release of exosomes from cancer cells to promote tumor progression and metastasis.

Study reveals new cause of depression

Posted on Nov 29, 2019

Researchers believe that uncovering the role of a protein that is present in our bodies may revolutionize depression treatments.
According to the ​World Health Organization​ (WHO), depression affects more than 300 million people worldwide.

In the most severe cases, it can lead to suicide.

Can dehydration affect pregnancy?

Posted on Nov 22, 2019

Dehydration is more common during pregnancy than at other times. Most cases of dehydration in pregnancy are mild, but severe dehydration can be dangerous for both the mother and the baby.
The fetus places intense demands on the body, and women who are pregnant need to consume extra nutrients. Morning sickness, as well as conditions that cause excessive vomiting, may also play a role in dehydration.

This article looks at how to identify dehydration, the effects of maternal dehydration on the baby, and how to prevent it from happening.

Benefits of using a humidifier

Posted on Nov 15, 2019

Humidifiers add moisture to the air, which can benefit people with respiratory symptoms or dry skin.

There are several ways to use humidifiers in the home or office, but there are also some risks.

In this article, learn about the benefits of humidifiers, how to use them correctly, and precautions to take.

Baby Friendly Initiative Ontario workshops

Posted on Jan 9, 2018

The BFI Strategy for Ontario is holding FREE 1/2 day BFI Informed Decision Making (IDM) Workshops, in Timmins (February 26th), Sudbury (February 28th), and North Bay (March 2nd) from 9:00am-1:00pm.

If your organization has attended a BFI Implementation Workshop, a BFI 20-Hour Course Workshop, or would like additional support to learn more about supporting informed decision making with clients, please email us at

Please register by Friday, February 9, 2018.

Details about the workshop are below:

  • These are HALF DAY (4 hours) workshops being held in Timmins, Sudbury and North Bay on February 26, 28 and March 2, 2018.
  • The workshops will each run from 9-1pm.  Please plan to arrive 10 minutes early to sign in and get settled, so that we can start on time. A mid-morning refreshment (no lunch) will be provided.

About the BFI IDM Workshop:
This IDM Workshop is a half-day session being delivered across the province to support staff in healthcare organizations. The objective is to increase ease and skill in having infant feeding informed decision making conversations with parents.

Content of the BFI IDM Workshop will include:
  • Discussion of materials required to teach the content of the IDM workshop to other staff.
  • An overview of the BFI IDM course content, with attention to strategies to effectively facilitate.
  • Strategies concerning how to engage with families and support their informed decision-making process. Learning activities and videos are included.

Participants of the workshop will receive a BFI IDM Toolkit to take back to their organization which includes a PDF document, slide presentation, speaker notes, activity ideas and teaching videos. Each participant will also receive a Certificate of Attendance.

Please note you will be required to sign a contract that this course cannot be presented for financial gain for the facility or the facilitator.  Individuals who do not sign the contract will not be eligible to participate in the workshop.
Note:   Participants will NOT be trained on the BFI 20-Hour Course, or any breastfeeding content. Rather, participants will be taught how to facilitate dialogue connected to informed decision making.  Therefore, participants should be knowledgeable about breastfeeding practice, anatomy and physiology, challenges and solutions, and BFI best practices.
  • Each organization may send up to 4 participants.
  • Priority will be given to organizations that have previously attended a BFI Implementation Workshop and/or a BFI 20-Hour Course Train-the-Trainer Workshop. 

Attendance/Registration is FREE

To register, email
Elizabeth Brazeau, BFI Coordinator, BFI Strategy for Ontario